Typography, or what we are familiar with typography, is a grammar which is a letter manipulation technique by regulating its distribution in a field that is available to make a certain impression with the aim of comfort as much as possible when reading it both at short and long distance so that the purpose and meaning of writing can be conveyed very well visually to the reader.
Typography starts its development history from the use of this language form used by the Sioux Indians and the Vikings from Norway. Then in Egypt known type of letters Hieratia known as Hieroglyphs in the 1300 century BC. Typographic techniques continued to develop into Crete, to Greece and throughout Europe. The peak of typographic development occurred in the 8th century BC in Rome. Because the Romans did not have their own writing system, they studied the Etruscan writing system which was a native of Italy and perfected it so that Roman letters were formed. Currently, typography has progressed from the hand creation phase to computerization which makes the use of typography easier and faster with hundreds of choices of letters.
The general classification of letters and are often used based on the historical timeline and its functions are as follows:
- Blackletter / Old English / Textura, based on handwriting (script) which was popular in the Middle Ages (around the 17th century) in Germany is known as the Gothic style and in Ireland it is known as the Celtic style.
- Humanist / Venetian, is called humanist because the shape of the stroke is similar to human handwriting. This typeface is made based on Roman style handwriting (scripts) in Italy.
- Old Style, serif type in the form of metal type, writing models like this had dominated the printing industry for 200 years.
- Transitional, given the name Roman du Roi or “likeness of the king”, because it was made by the order of King Louis XIV. The appearance of this first letter appeared around 1692 by Philip Grandjean.
- Modern / Didone, serif typeface, appeared around the end of the 17th century, nearing the Modern era.
- The serif / Egytian slab, serif typeface, appeared around the 19th century, sometimes called Egytian because of its shape which is similar to the style of art and architecture of ancient Egypt.
- Sans-serif, the appearance of letters without hooks.
- Display / decorative, emerged around the 19th century, to answer the needs in the advertising world. Its characteristic is its large size, which makes this letter easily recognizable.
- Script and cursive, the shape resembles human handwriting. The script, the letters are small and connect together, while the Cursive
Meanwhile, typographic classification based on the form of letters is as follows:
- Roman, the characteristics of this letter is that it has a fins / legs / serif that is pointed at the tip. The resulting impression is classic, graceful, graceful and feminine.
- Egyptian, is a type of letter that has a square foot / fin / serif character like a board with the same or almost the same thickness. The resulting impression is sturdy, strong, sturdy and stable.
- Sans Serif, understanding Sans Serif is without fins / serifs, so this type of letter does not have fins at the end of the letter and has the same or almost the same thickness. The impression created by this type of letter is modern, contemporary and efficient.
- Script, is a hand stroke done with a pen, brush or sharp pencil and usually tilted to the right. The resulting impression is personal and intimate sifast.
- Miscellaneous, this type of letter is the development of forms that already exist. Plus ornaments and ornaments, or decorative lines. Owned impression is decorative and ornamental.
Here are some sample Typography art Wallpaper. You can download and use them into your smartphone wallpaper.